The two sides of the brain
The brain is composed of two hemispheres, the left and the right. The two sides process information very differently. The left brain is analytical, orderly, and detail oriented. It monitors behavior, and understands rules and boundaries. The right brain is intuitive, emotional, and holistic. It specializes in sounds and images, and understands relationships and humor.
The left and right hemispheres of your brain are like two completely different people. As such it’s not surprising that they play different roles in learning, and prefer different styles of learning. The left brain likes to learn from textbooks, lectures and logic, while the right brain likes to learn from pictures, stories and experiences. Everyone learns with both sides of their brain, however many individuals find one side to be dominant, and often learn better using techniques which favor that side.
While people are divided fairly equally between left- and right-brain dominance, schools tend to exclusively utilize left-brain learning techniques (textbooks, lectures, exams, memorization, etc.). Therefore right-brain learners often struggle with many subjects, especially subjects that benefit from right-brain teaching techniques utilizing sensory stimulus and hands-on experience.